Semaglutide belongs to a class of drugs called GLP-1 receptor agonists, which work by increasing the body's production of insulin and decreasing the production of glucose in the liver.
Like any medication, semaglutide has both risks and benefits. Here are some of the key risks and benefits to consider:
Benefits of semaglutide:
- Better glycemic control: Semaglutide helps to lower blood sugar levels by increasing insulin secretion and decreasing glucagon release. This can help people with type 2 diabetes achieve better glycemic control.
- Weight loss: Semaglutide can also help people with type 2 diabetes lose weight. This is because the medication helps to reduce appetite and increase feelings of fullness.
- Cardiovascular benefits: Studies have shown that semaglutide can reduce the risk of cardiovascular events, such as heart attack and stroke, in people with type 2 diabetes who are at high risk for these conditions. Studies have shown that semaglutide can reduce the risk of cardiovascular events, such as heart attack and stroke, in people with type 2 diabetes who are at high risk for these conditions.
Risks of semaglutide:
- Gastrointestinal side effects: Semaglutide can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea in some people. These side effects are usually mild and go away on their own, but they can be bothersome for some people.
- Hypoglycemia: Semaglutide can cause low blood sugar levels, especially when used in combination with other diabetes medications. This can be dangerous, especially for people who are already at risk for hypoglycemia.
- Pancreatitis: There have been rare reports of pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas) in people taking semaglutide. This can be a serious condition that requires medical attention.